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Network of Prosecutors on Environmental Crime

The Network of Prosecutors on Environmental Crime in the Baltic Sea Region – ENPRO

ENPRO-10dots-blueENPRO is the Network of Prosecutors on Environmental Crime in the Baltic Sea Region. ENPRO works under the auspices of the Network of the Prosecutors General in the Baltic Sea region i.e. the member states of the Council of the Baltic Sea States Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden. The members of ENPRO are prosecutors appointed by the Prosecutors General. ENPRO convenes once a year at a conference but the members of the Network work also between the conferences. ENPRO reports to the Prosecutors General yearly and the Prosecutors General also confirm ENPRO’s plan of action on basis of the recommendations of ENPRO.

ENPRO works for practical cooperation and for regular and frequent professional exchange of information and discussions between prosecutors. It also collects information on legislation and on prosecuting environmental crime in member states. Most issues and problems that prosecutors face concerning environmental crime are difficult, there are,  however, similarities in every country. ENPRO follows and analyses interesting cases on environmental crime in order to exchange information and experience on problems and solutions for the prosecution. ENPRO strives for the specialization of public prosecutors in the field of environmental crime with the aim to form national knowledge bases in this field. ENPRO also cooperates with other organisations such as  HELCOM and the Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS).

 

Originally the Expert Group on Environmental Crime was established by the Prosecutors General at their meeting on 27 April 1999. The background of the mandate was the worry about environmental pollution. Environmental crime was seen as one of the biggest threats in the area in the future. However it was also seen as a national problem of which the consequences extend over the borders of the states. The Prosecutors General saw that in order to combat environmental crime it was necessary to improve cooperation between authorities and the quality of investigation and prosecution.

The main task for the expert group was to study different methods to investigate and prosecute environmental crime as well as prerequisites for a regular cooperation between the states in the Baltic Sea Region. An essential and initial part of the work was to make an inventory on the environmental laws in these states and on the problems in combating environmental crime as a consequence of the different legislations. On the basis of the result of the studies the group was supposed to draw conclusions and make suggestions on the future cooperation in the area.

OPC – the Operative Committee of the Baltic Sea Task Force had established several expert groups under its auspices. One of the expert groups was the Expert Group on Environmental Crime which was established in Helsinki 3-4December 2001. Right from the beginning the Expert Group created contacts with the Network of the Prosecutors General. On the 22nd of April 2002 law enforcement officials from the countries engaged in the Task Force on Organised Crime in the Baltic Sea Region and representatives of the Prosecutors General in the Baltic Sea region gathered for a seminar concerning environmental crime. The participants recommended the integration of the expert groups under the auspices of the Network of the Prosecutors General and the Task Force co-operation. On the recommendation of the seminar the expert groups were merged in 2002.

The Expert Group on Environmental Crime focused on oil pollution at sea as the OPC had decided when it established the Expert Group and as the Expert Group established by the Prosecutors General did before the merger. However it also worked on illegal waste management and on Cites i.e. illegal trade in endangered species.

The Expert Group was divided again in 2008 when the OPC announced that it will not have any permanent experts groups any more. The Prosecutors General decided in their meeting in Gdansk – Gdynia in February 2008 that the Expert Group on Environmental Crime will continue its work independently from the congruent Expert Group of the OPC with which it had been merged in the year 2002. This was beginning of the ENPRO. The Expert Group had its first meeting in Helsinki in September 2008. It was renamed as the Network of Prosecutors on Environmental Crime (ENPRO). So prosecutors continue working at environmental crime in the Baltic Sea Region.

DENMARK 

Ministry of Environment and Food

 Environmental Protection Agency

Defence Command Denmark

Police 

Prosecution Service

ESTONIA

Prosecutor’s Office

Ministry of Justice

Ministry of the Environment

Environmental Inspectorate

Environmental Board

Estonian Police and Boarder Guard Board

Estonian Tax and Customs Board

Estonian Maritime Administration

FINLAND

Finnish Police

Prosecution Service

Environmental Administration

Ministry of Justice (legislation)

Finnish Border Guard

Finnish Customs

GERMANY  

Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection

Federal Maritime Agency

Federal Police

Federal Criminal Police Office

LATVIA         

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia

The Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development

The State Environment Service

The Prosecution Office of the Republic of Latvia

The State Police

LITHUANIA 

Parliament of Lithuanian Republic (legislation)

Ministry of Justice

The Lithuania Public Prosecution Service

Lithuanian Police

Ministry of Environment

State port of Klaipeda

State Border Guard Service

Ministry of Defence

NORWAY   

Norwegian National Authority for Investigation and Prosecution of Economic and Environmental Crime

The Directorate for Nature Management

POLAND                   

The Ministry of Environmental Protection

RUSSIA        

The Prosecutor General’s Office

The Prosecutor’s Office for the Leningrad Region

The Prosecutor’s Office for the Kaliningrad Region

The Ministry of Transport

The Ministry of Internal Affairs

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology

The Federal Agency for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Supervision

The Federal Nature Management Supervision Service

The Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision

The Federal Water Resources Agency of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology

The Federal Agency for Fishery

SWEDEN   

Swedish Parliament 

Swedish Government Offices

Internet-portal specialised in both Swedish and European law

 Legal information with several interesting links

Environmental Protection Agency

  • 22-23 September 2016, Vilnius, Lithuania –  Annual Conference of ENPRO. Click for agenda.

 

  •  2-4 May 2017: President and public prosecutors of the network from Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Germany attend the annual meeting of the North Sea Network of Prosecutors and Investigators (NSN) in Gothenburg/Sweden.

 

  • 19-21 September 2017, Prosecutors General 17th Meeting in Svetlogorsk/Russian Federation. ENPRO President and a public prosecutor of the network from Finland will attend the meeting.

 

  • 29-30 November 2017: Annual Meeting of ENPRO. The meeting will be hosted by Norway and will take place in Oslo at Økokrim (Den sentrale enhet for etterforskning og påtale av økonomisk kriminalitet og miljøkriminalitet). Download agenda

This Manual on Prosecuting Environmental Crime in the Baltic Sea Region is written by member states of the Network of Prosecutors on Environmental Crime (ENPRO). It is meant to serve as a handbook for prosecutors and other authorities who work at environmental crime and need information about the judicial systems and legislation of the other member states of the Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS).