Activities in Russia & Belarus

According to the decision of the Swedish Ministry of Environment, an extra contribution to Baltic 21 is foreseen for cooperation with Russia and Belarus for participation of partners from these countries in Baltic 21 Lighthouse projects and/ or activities clearly related to the implementation of the main areas of cooperation as outlined in the CBSS Strategy on Sustainable Development 2010 – 2015:

  • Climate Change
  • Sustainable Urban-Rural Development
  • Sustainable Consumption and Production
  • Innovation and Education for Sustainable Development

For 2014 CBSS-Baltic 21 received extra contribution of 250 000 SEK (28 000 EUR) for each country from which CBSS-Baltic 21 has financed the following two projects:


Food – Formation of new local food markets
Lead beneficiary: Lithuanian Institute for Agrarian Economics, LT

Moscow University of Psychology and Sociology, RU

The Republican Scientific Unitary Enterprise – The Institute of System Research in Agro-industrial Complex of the National Academy of Science of Belarus”, BY



Food markets are becoming more differentiated on the basis of a range of socially constructed food quality criteria’, resulting in the emergence of new local quality-food markets in addition to existing anonymous mass food markets.

Partnership approaches for strengthening local food markets have been shown to be effective as rural development tools. Outcomes from such local food projects can help to underpin core elements of the rural economy in sustainable ways.

The creation of new local food markets is complex social process. It is necessary to be realistic about the ability of farmers’ to alter the industrial food system by individual efforts. The challenge is to create social innovation, so it is difficult to establish new local food market on the basis of the farmers own knowledge, experience, or perceived imagery.

The projects aims at developing a better conceptualization of the ways in which new local food markets are socially constructed, the understanding of the scale and form of local food sourcing practices, and potential market opportunities and challenges for the conventional supply chain actors to participate within the local food system.

Objectives of the project

  • To analyze the initiatives based on partnership approach which helps to lower the barrier to market entry for small- to medium-size producers and cooperatives seeking to increase their local retail sales in Lithuania, Kaliningrad county of Russia and Belarus.
  • To discuss and evaluate strengths and weaknesses of innovative initiatives to establish short supply chains and create new local food markets.
  • To prepare the recommendations for initiators of projects aiming to create new local food market.
  • To discuss the ways to spread the best innovative models of local food movement social initiatives in BSR region countries.



Best practice case studies on local food market formation from Lithuania, Belarus and Russia (Kaliningrad district)

Recommendations for local food market formation

Action plan on how experiences of lcoal food market formation can be transferred to other countries

New project proposal – LOCAL
The project will submit a concept note as the first step of the 1st call for applications of the INTERREG Baltic Sea Region Programme.


LearnWater –Building Neighbourhood Learning Facility for Water Experts

Lead beneficiary: Union of the Baltic Cities, Commission on Environment (UBC)\co City of Turku, Finland

Technical University of Berlin (TUB)

Association of water and wastewater enterprises “Aqua-Bel”

Technical associated partner: Vitebsk Municipal Unitary Manufacturing Enterprise (Vitebsk Vodokanal)*


Currently Belarusian wastewater treatment (WWT) sector is facing a critical period of changes. Technological development is taking a huge step forward as the technical up-grading of the old wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is starting. The old process of WWTPs, originating from the soviet times, is not feasible for treatment of nutrients (phosphorous and nitrogen), which are causing eutrophication of the Baltic Sea. To tackle eutrophication, the first phosphorous removal systems in Belarus are currently being installed in four municipal WWTPs.

It is critical to have the operative personnel continuously trained when the investment schemes on new technology are taken into operational phase gradually in each Belarusian city.  Lifelong learning and exchange of experiences are needed.

The German WWT sector has successfully implemented a peer-to-peer learning concept “Neighbourhoods” since 1968 through facilitated meetings. Basic idea of this concept is “Helping the people to help themselves”.

Similar life-long-learning concept is needed in Belarus as well, but the “Neighbourhood” concept should be localised to Belarusian conditions.

The purpose of this proposal is to

Exchange experiences and launch the development of Belarusian “Neighbourhoods” life-long-learning concept for water management sector and so support e.g. the sustainability of the investments on new technology,

Start planning and drafting idea for bigger project to mainstream the life-long-learning concept in Belarus and to bring also Russian experts into similar cooperation.


Activities included

• Exchange of experiences under guidance of expert representatives

• On-site problem-solving

• Regular further training (related to practice) for the operational staff on-site

• Peer-to-peer learning

• Enhancement of self-control and optimisation of operating procedures

• Motivation of the staff

• Cooperative support in requirements


Results: to be udpated in March 2015

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