What is HA Climate?
Horizontal Action (HA) Climate is one of the four Horizontal Actions in the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. HA Climate represents Baltic Sea cooperation in the fields of climate adaptation as well as low emission development. The HA is led by the Baltic 2030 Unit of the Council of the Baltic Sea States, CBSS.
Human influence on the climate system is proven and recent climate changes have had widespread impacts on human and natural systems on all continents and across the oceans. Future climate scenarios show increasing annual and seasonal temperatures of about 3 – 4 degrees by the end of this century for the Baltic Sea region (BSR), a projected warming that is higher than the global mean. The Baltic Sea region is highly industrialized and populated – around 85 million people live in the Baltic Sea catchment area. That makes the BSR highly vulnerable to climate change. Furthermore socio-economic impacts are foreseen to be considerable with various degrees of resilience among regions and sectors. All BSR countries are therefore concerned by vulnerability to a changing climate. However, awareness and preparedness to climate change differ across the Baltic Sea region. While effective mitigation action is crucial, adaptation has to be the other aspect of comprehensive climate work, on all levels of governance.
Both the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change and the Council’s conclusions on this subject emphasise the importance and value added of knowledge and good practice exchange between member states, regions, cities and other stakeholders. HA Climate aims to support the BSR transformation into a low carbon economy and its capacity to adapt the climate change by:
- Facilitating integrative cross-sectorial policy discussions and alignment of policies in the Baltic Sea region countries
- Promoting low- emission and climate resilient development
- Promoting secure energy supply and efficiently using potential of renewable energy sources and promoting energy efficiency.
- Promoting sustainable production and consumption-oriented measures
- Increasing coordination and synergy among initiatives and projects dealing with climate adaptation and mitigation in the Baltic Sea region
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